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buddhism final exam outline

buddhism final exam outline - I The Tibetan Experience of...

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I) The Tibetan Experience of Buddhism a. Background i. In 6 th century Tibet was coming to power ii. Originally didn’t like Buddhism iii. Liked their shamanistic and ritualistic religious practices b. The First Dissemination of Buddhism in Tibet i. Songtsen Gampo moved the capital of Tibet to Lhasa and built his palace where the Potala was later used as the residence of the dalai lamas. ii. Political Marriages 1. One to the daughter of Nepal and the other to the daughter of Chinese emperor in which he married Buddhist wives. 2. Had influence over him and helped to generate his interest in buddhism iii. Created the Buddhist alphabet in Sanskrit to better translate Buddhist texts iv. Early Tibetans were interested in the tantric piece of Buddhism c. First Buddhist King i. King Trisong Detsen(742-798) 1. Called for Santaraksita to come from the university in India to teach Dharma in Tibet 2. Built first monastery called the Samye Monastery 3. Santaraksita’s Visti a. When he visited a number of natural disasters occurred and the locals thought this was a sign from the gods that he was trouble b. He was forced to leave but told King Detsen to bring the tantric practitioner Padmasambhava. d. Early Tibetan Buddhism i. King Detsen brought Chinese and Indian Buddhists to translate texts. ii. This caused controversy because the Chinese practice Ch’an(zen) Buddhism which believes in sudden awakening through the practice of meditations. On the other hand the Indian Buddhists thought that one practice could not dispel of all
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defilements enough and so people must practice the Ten stages of the Bodhisattva path in order to reach enlightenment. iii. In a great debate, the Indian ideal beat out the Chinese and by the eighth century Tibetans were practicing the Indian form of Buddhism. e. Persecution of Buddhism i. Because of the growing power of the sangha, the aristocracy become annoyed and wished for change. ii. King Lang Darma 1. He closed monasteries, forced monks and nuns to return to the laity and cut cultural and religious contacts with india. iii. After King Lang Darma’s assassination 1. Tibet constricted to within its’ own borders and fragmented into many military regions. 2. Buddhism was still suppressed and forced to be taught underground by lay teachers. 3. Buddhism survived as the sangha travelled to new countries and continued their teaching and studying. f. The Second Dissemination of Buddhism in Tibet i. Atisa 1. Came around 978 because western Tibetan provinces became interested in Buddhism 2. Brought abhidharma, Mahayana and tantric forms of Buddhism. 3. Taught that Buddhists should be disciplined and principled and follow the vinaya
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