Psych150-Lecture30-5-7-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 5/7/07 Lecture 30 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course ANNOUNCEMENTS Your exam is on Saturday, so we will have to turn in your grades the following Wednesday, which does not leave us time to change your grade unless there is a clerical error. If you think there is some kind of clerical mistake in your grade you must contact your GSI by May 25; otherwise you must wait until the Fall semester. If you cannot be at the exam on Saturday, please contact us ASAP. If we don’t hear from you and you do not show up for the exam, your grade will be zero. LECTURE Cultural Influences on the Self. I want to focus on what are roughly understood to be Western and Eastern differences in cultural construals of the self. Westerners are generally understood to have independent selves in individualist cultures; Easterners are said to have interdependent selves in collectivist cultures. The independent, Western self is separate, bounded, not part of the larger social context. The interdependent Eastern self is integrated into the social context and flexible, so as the social context changes, you must change. The self is not stable and changes with the situation. So the stability of the self is not as important for the interdependent self. The independent self is very focused on internal thoughts and feelings; the self is the causal agent of behavior so the internal thoughts matter a lot. You manipulate your environment in terms of your goals. The interdependent self is defined externally by social public relationships. You are in society and not separate from it; your relationship to society defines the self. The social group is the causal agent. The self has no causality, while the social group is the source of causality. Values and Traits. The independent, Western self values uniqueness, stability and private thoughts and feelings; it is separate from others and must be unique. Expressing the self is the goal, so the self is a causal agent that manipulates events to achieve goals and values. The self causes things to happen. You are supposed to be straightforward and express your loves and hates openly. You should express the uniqueness of the self, and actualize your internal goals and values. You work to promote your own goals and say what you think. Eastern, interdependent selves have the goal
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '07 term at Berkeley.

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Psych150-Lecture30-5-7-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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