Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) “Father” of sociology - Science Sociale Concepts:Mechanical solidarityOrganic solidarityDynamic densityNumbers plus interactionsDivision of laborCollective conscienceSocial factsMaterial and non-material (values and norms)Anomie
DiscussionWhat is primary “problem” with modern industrial society?What is solution?How is power understood in modern societies?Who holds positions of power and why?Is this “equal” and “fair” or something else?
Questions and MethodsWhat is human nature?What holds society together, what makes it cohesive and stable? To show this through a research-oriented study of the development EVOLUTION of social life in France.
Social FactsSocial facts are external and coercive of individuals.Material and non-materialDivision of labor (material)Values and ideas (non-material)The things of sociologyThey can be studied empirically.