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Unformatted text preview: Inductive Effect The adjacent polar carbonyl group exerts a strong electron-withdrawing effect that stabilizes the nonbonding electrons on the nitrogen. RC-NH 2 :O: !" ! + Quiz 20.05 While amines are considered organic bases, amides are neutral compounds as illustrated below. RNH 2 + H 2 O RNH 3 + HO-+ when R is alkyl K b 10-5 ~ ~ RCNH 2 + H 2 O RCNH 3 + HO-+ K b 10-14 ~ ~ O = O Which statement below is correct? (A) Amides are weaker bases than amines because of resonance stabilization of the starting state. (B) Amides are weaker bases than amines because of the inductive effect (electron-withdrawing influence) of the carbonyl function that stabilizes the starting state. (C) Amides are weaker bases than amines because of both (A) and (B)....
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