Asian Religions Notes

Asian Religions Notes - Asian Religions Notes 9/5 Chinese...

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Unformatted text preview: Asian Religions Notes 9/5 Chinese Religion: Overview- Language and Cosmology- The Cosmological Resonances of Civilization Spoken Chinese Chinese Dialects- Cantonese and other regional dialects- Mandarin Chinese: the common dialect- Putong hua- Guan hua official dialect- Mutually unintelligable o Southeast China has more dialects because of mountains and river o Languages couldnt spread as easily Written Chinese- myth of Cang Jie o minister to the Yellow Emperor discovered writing in tracks of birds in mud Typology of Chinese Characters- Pictographs- Ideographs- Lexigraphs: Meaning-meaning combinations- Phonetic Lexigraphs: sound-meaning combinations Kanxzi Zidian- 49,030 characters Systems of Romanization- Wade-Giles- Han-yu pin-yin Advantages of a Pictographic System- in the face of dialectical diversity- in the face of geographical extent- in the face of temporal/historical scope Comparative Cosmology: The Order of Creation Cosmology vs. cosmogony- cosmology is theory of universe- cosmogony is beginnings of universe- universality of cosmogonic myths- diversity in relative importance of cosmogonic myths Creation: Bringing Form to Chaos Every act of creation is described as separation/distinction 1. God separates light from darkness 2. God separates water from land 3. God separates 2 kinds of vegetation 4. God separates light from darkness 5. God separates creatures of air from sea 6. God separates creatures of land and humans West is conflict dualism Chinese is Complementary dualism The Chinese Cosmogonic Myth- beginning was chaos (hun-dun)- qi rises from chaos o heavy qi is yin o light qi is yang 9/8 Judeo-Christian Orientations- anthropomorphism (giving human-like characteristics)- anthropocentrism (creation of humans is center of story)- mechanistic model (each act of creation independent of others)- conflict dualism (each act of creation is act of distinction/separation) Chinese Orientations- non-anthropomorphism- non-anthropocentrism- organistic model- complement dualism (yin-yang) o The symbol itself represents and affirms the harmonious holding together of contrasts in a balanced synthesis. o Yang is Confucianism o Yin is Taoism Confucius and the Confucian Tradition Confucius is cultural icon- end of spring & autumn period 770 476- Warring States period 475 221- Followers created Analects (Lun-yu) o Jun zi o Li o Ren Junzi- Humanist o Knowledge, education, book-learning o Virtue, character, ethical application The Book of Song The Book of Rites The Book of Documents The Spring & Autumn Annals The Book of Music Li- traditional definition: rites- Confucius redefinition: propriety- Confucius Love of Antiquity o The Master said, I transmit but do no create. I put my trust in my love for antiquity.- Rites: The Restoration of Culture o Dreaming of the Duke of Zhou o Court rites and music of the early Zhou o Restoration of traditional religious rites- Li as Propriety...
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2009 for the course RELI 1330 taught by Professor Brown during the Fall '09 term at Trinity U.

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Asian Religions Notes - Asian Religions Notes 9/5 Chinese...

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