Psych 150 - Lecture 14 - 3-5-2007

Psych 150 - Lecture 14 - 3-5-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150...

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ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course LECTURE Drawing Conclusions about Freud. I closed last time by quoting a researcher who said that we could leave Freud behind because his theories did not hold up; I also quoted a clinical psychologist who said that a lot of the processes that Freud identified were getting support from research in recent years. So what should we conclude? There is a problem with psychodynamic theory: it assumes that the processes that drive behavior are largely unconscious. There has until recent years not been a way to operationalize or quantify the unconscious, so critics have felt that there is no way to test Freud’s ideas. But in the last three decades personality psychologists have developed more cognitive tools to study behavior; we now know that a lot of behavior is shaped by forces that we are not aware of. This supports Freud. But the contested part is that the unconscious motivation does not seem to be about sex and aggression; this has not held up in research. The content of the unconscious motivation is not what Freud said it was. But there is unconscious motivation. So the sex and aggression part is wrong, but the unconscious part is right. So we can say that the glass is half empty or half full – I leave it to you to decide. Student: Can you give an example of non- Freudian unconscious processes? Suppose I flash the word “rejection” on a computer screen in front of you, so fast that you cannot say what you have seen or that you have seen anything. You have no conscious awareness of it. Then you interact with someone who treats you in a neutral way. Suppose also that with another person I flash “acceptance” so fast on the screen that they have no conscious awareness and they interact with a person who treats them in a neutral way. There is a good chance that you will feel more rejected by the person than the other person would because the schema of rejection is more in your mind. It may affect your behavior through an unconscious process. So our behavior is affected by unconscious processes, but they are not about sex and aggression. Post-Freudian Psychology. Many post- Freudian critiques came from people who were psychoanalysts or studied with Freud. Post-Freudians are also known as ego psychologists.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psych 150 - Lecture 14 - 3-5-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150...

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