Western Civilization - Modern - April 1, 2009 Movie Notes...

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April 1, 2009 – Movie NotesKing Louis 16thmarried at age 15 to 14 year old Marie AntoinetteLouis not interested in ruling or lovingLouis the 15thdies with smallpox, a defeated and unpopular kingLouis the 16this unprepared for being a kingThe enlightenment is a movement which says don’t trust authority or anybodyelse, try it out yourselfAmerican War of IndependenceMarie is given the name Madam Deficit as the country is in economic problems.Marie has trouble producing a son for the thrownThey were not able to conceive for seven yearsAfter Louis’ surgery, they have a daughterBread, which was very important to France in the 18thcentury was limitedThe cost of a loaf of bread equals a month’s earningsThe banks force Louis to hire a finance minister, Jaque, when the economy is introubleMay 4th, 1789, Maxamillion Romspierre fights for the 3rdestateLouis feels threatened by the radicalism of the 3rdestateThe tennis court oath, tried to defy France’s kingJuly 14th, 1789 the people of Paris attack the Bastille, they are saying that theytake the side of the revolutionThe French tore down the Bastille as fast as they couldThe declaration of the rights of man, says all men are considered truly equal,sovereignty belongs to the peopleRumspierre demands increase freedom for the pressJohn Paul Mara, wrote a newspaperOctober 2nd,1789 kind orders troupes to surround Paris, Mara encourages them tofight back
October 5th, 1789 women are taking their complaints to the king about no breadLouis agrees to sign the declaration of the rights of menAngry mass demands the king and queen move to ParisThe women break into the royal palace, they want king and queen to go to Paris sothey can make them do what they want, move from Versai?Royal family moves to Paris and they are the prisoners of Paris, power is nowwith the people, France has a democracy and new lawsFrance is now a constitutional monarchyLouis is forced to sign law after law diminishing his own authorityJune 21st1791, king and queen disguise themselves as servants and run away, andend in Varennes, boarder of Austria. Revolutionary guards don’t let him gothrough. He is arrested and taken back to Paris.The monarch tried to abandon his people, this broke the bond between Louis andhis people, a traitor king.Rumspierre demands end to slavery, equality, universal suffrage, is againstexecutionRevolution wanted everybody equal in deathA new killing machine, the guillotine, the national razor, Mara approves.Rumspierre opposes war because he fears the enemy will winApril 17, 1792, war is declaredIf Austria defeats revolutionary army, Louis will have his thrownAustria’s ally, Prussia joins the armyAugust 10, 1792 head to the palace, kill the guards, Louis is officially stripped ofhis titleApril 3, 2009 – Chapter 19 Reading NotesA Revolution in Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon:Parisian mob in search of weapons stream towards the BastilleBastille: a royal armory filled with arms and ammunition and a state prison

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