Psych 150 - Lecture 15 - 3-7-2007

Psych 150 - Lecture 15 - 3-7-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 3/7/07 Lecture 15 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course LECTURE Bowlby and Attachment. We talked last time about John Bowlby who studied with Melanie Klein and was also influenced by animal researcher Konrad Lorenz who imprinted ducklings on him; he found that they would follow the first moving object that they saw at birth, which was usually their mother. Bowlby inferred that we are born with genetic predispositions to attach with our primary caregiver, who is usually, but not necessarily our mother. He identified three aspects of the attachment system. First, proximity maintenance means that if the baby cries when the mother is away, the mother comes back; so there is a system in play to keep the mother close to the baby. Second, the mother provides a secure base; the baby can trust the mother so the baby can explore the world. Third, the mother is a safe haven, so if the baby encounters harm in the world he or she can return to the safe haven and be soothed and protected. I repeat that the caregiver need not be the mother; in the case of Lorenz it was of a different species. Bowlby studied children in Great Britain during WWII who had been separated from their parents for reasons of safety. In the initial stage when kids are left alone, they protest actively; they object by crying and letting the parents know they don’t like it. Protesting gets the parent to come to them and provide care and reduce their distress. If I ignore my son he cries and cries, but he can’t cry forever – so he goes into despair at his failure to get his mother back. He enters a passive sadness and is less active and may stare into space. During the next stage, if the caregiver does not respond, the child goes from despair to detachment. So the child first cries and cries and gets no response; then enters despair and sadness; and then basically says the caregiver can go to hell and refuses to depend on them. The child disengages and disinvests in the relationship to preserve the self. If the child withdraws from the caregiver there is no despair. The child tries to be self sufficient. These are normative stages and not all children go through them. It depends on the kinds of response that the parents give. What the child experiences can affect their adult personality. Not all kids have optimal attachments.
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Psych 150 - Lecture 15 - 3-7-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150...

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