Electronics - Nanotechnology Electronics Click to edit...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/21/09 Nanotechnology: Electronics
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10/21/09 Challenges Moore’s 1st Law (Intel Corp.) Amount of space required to install a transistor on a chip shrinks by half every 18 months Space for 1 transistor 15 yrs ago can hold 1,000 today (good news) Moore’s 2nd Law – Bad News Cost of building a factory (fab) doubles with every other chip generation (every
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10/21/09 Nanoelectronics Integrate - Make contacts Contact resistance Make high density device
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10/21/09 Outline Electronics Evolution Vacuum Tubes Transistors p-n diode Junction transistor MOSFET transistor
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10/21/09 Early Computers - Transition ENIAC – UPenn 1940s Tube-driven (power hungry, warm-up time) Occupied entire rooms Questionable reliability Billions of transistors can be carved into Si on a single chip no more than
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10/21/09 www.radio- electronics.com
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10/21/09 1st Transistor Turning point in data processing came in 1947 with the invention of transistor John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & William Shockley -Bell Labs Vacuum Tubes Fragile, cumbersome, consumed a lot of power
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10/21/09 Early Transistors www.att.com
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10/21/09 Transistors in Computers Signal amplification Switching devices Arithmetic
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Electronics - Nanotechnology Electronics Click to edit...

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