BriefHistChineseCiv1-16 - 6 Part One.I The Classical...

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6 Part One .I The Classical Civilization of China was brown and black. There, archaeologists have also found bone and ivory ritual artifacts decorated with or shaped in bird motifs. Unlike the millet cultivators found inyangshao, the sites of ~Majiabang or Hemudu show the presence of rice farmers. In many ways, the presence of different cultures in various locations in China should come as little surprise, given its size and geographic diversity. According to the interactive spheres thesis, around 4000 B .c. E ., a number of Neolithic cultures in the North China Plains began to trade and share technology with each other. According to Chang, many of these cultures converged about a millennium later, around 3000 B.C.E. The convergence of these cultures, Chang emphasized, was to give rise to the civilization now called chin^.^ Although the second narrative, that of interactive spheres, has numerous mer - its, many scholars have challenged it. More recent accounts by archaeologists and even historians studying much later texts have questioned whether China as a sin - gle, coherent civilization did emerge as early as 3000 B . C . E . Some critics, working from the material record, point out that although it is true that there was a great deal of coherence and unity to the cultures of the North China Plains, it is im - portant to keep in mind that a great deal of cultural variation persisted after the Neolithic Age. And indeed, judging from the material record, there were impor - tant, but distinctive, material cultures right through the Bronze and Iron Ages up until the present day. (See the discussion of the Xingan and Sanxingdui sites later
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