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Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_8 - Introduction to Sociology Part...

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Introduction to Sociology: Part III The Marxian Tradition and the Student Movement Against Sweatshops
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Karl Marx (1818-1883)
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Karl Marx (1818-1883) Born in Trier in the German Rhineland Born Jewish but converted to Lutheranism at the age of 6 Studied law, philosophy & history at Bonn & Berlin Universities Associated with radical activists called the Young Hegelians Edited the Rheinische Zeitung, a liberal businessmen’s newspaper
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Karl Marx (1818-1883) Emigrated to Paris in 1843 where he met Friedrich Engels Expelled from France in 1844 Wrote the Communist Manifesto 1848 Emigrated to England in 1849 Notable works – Poverty of Philosophy, Communist Manifesto, Grundisse, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, Das Kapital
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Marx’s Theory of Human Nature Humans are social Humans are active, productive beings Unlike animals humans produce their own means of subsistence Humans are conscious, autonomous, self- reflective and creative Humans are part of nature
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Marx’s Theory of History Progress Time Feudalism Capitalism Communism Revolution Revolution Relations of Production (static) Forces of Production (dynamic)
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Capitalism An economic system composed mainly of capitalists and the proletariat, in which one class (capitalists) exploits the other (proletariat)
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Marx’s Theory of Value Use value The usefulness of a commodity to some agent Exchange value The power of a given commodity to
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