Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_15 - Introduction to Sociology: Part...

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Introduction to Sociology: Part IV The Durkheimian Tradition and the “Savage Inequalities” of American Education
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Emile Durkheim
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Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) Born in 1858 in the Lorraine region of France Descendant of a distinguished line of rabbinical scholars Graduated Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1882 Taught at the University of Bordeaux from 1887-1902 Founded the L ’annéée Sociologique in 1898 Appointed to the Sorbonne in Paris in 1902 Most notable works The Division Of Labor In Society The Rules Of Sociological Method Suicide Elementary Forms Of Religious Life
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Durkheim’s Theory Of Human Nature Humans are social animals Humans are passionate Humans are unstable Humans have insatiable wants & desires
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Functionalism Society is like an organism Society is a single tightly integrated system Society is homeostatic – it tends towards equilibrium Different social institutions perform specialized functions The state is politically neutral
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Comparison of Marx vs. Durkheim Natural State for Humans Natural State for Society Marx Stability Conflict Durkheim Instability Order
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Durkheim’s Theory of History Mechanical Solidarity Organic Solidarity Anomie Rapid Change Increasing Dynamic Density
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Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_15 - Introduction to Sociology: Part...

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