Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_18 - Critiques of Structural...

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Critiques of Structural Functionalism Ahistorical Ethnocentric Neglects agency Ignores the environment Conservative bias
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Davis and Moore Stratification is universal and therefore functional Stratification systems serve to place and motivate members of society into a hierarchy of social positions Some positions are more important, less pleasant and require greater talent or training than others Differential rewards insure that these positions are filled by the most talented and conscientious people
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Melvin Tumin Stratification systems have many dysfunctions which Davis and More ignore They limit the probability of discovering the full range of talents of individuals Distribute favorable self-images unequally in population They may provide the wrong incentives and attract the wrong people to particular jobs
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Bowles and Gintis Public education is a system designed to maintain the current social hierarchy Its main purpose is social control
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Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_18 - Critiques of Structural...

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