Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_25 - How Social Movements Use Symbols...

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How Social Movements Use Symbols To challenge dominant belief systems To mobilize members and resources To invigorate existing personal and social identities and help shape new ones To mark movement supporters off from opponents
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Ideology An intricate web of beliefs about reality and social life that is institutionalized as public knowledge and disseminated throughout society so effectively that it becomes taken- for-granted knowledge for all social groups
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The Origin of Social Movements Social movements emerge when a dominant ideology can no longer provide solutions to political, economic, or environmental problems
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Constructivist Perspective on Categories Categories are social conventions Categories are historical and variable Categories result from historical processes of negotiation and contestation between actors
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Constructivist Sociology Symbolic Interactionism Phenomenology Weber Berger and Luckman Alfred Schutz Pragmatist Philosophy (James, Pierce, Dewey) Ethnomethodology Young Kuhn (Iowa School ) Turner (Role Theory George Herbert Mead Blumer (Chicago School) Erving Goffman (Dramaturgical Perspective and Framing) Thomas and Park (Urban Ecology) Burgess and McKenzie Becker (Labeling Theory)
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Frame A schemata of interpretation that enables individuals to locate, perceive, identify, and label occurrences within their life space and the world at large
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Injustice Frame A frame which defines the actions of an authority system as unjust and simultaneously legitimate
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Powerpoint_Intro_Lect_25 - How Social Movements Use Symbols...

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