EXAM 3VOCABS - Belief Amplification: (means) the...

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Belief Amplification: (means) the identification, idealization, and elevation of one or more beliefs concerning the seriousness of a grievance, the locus of causality or blame, stereotypic beliefs about antagonists, the efficacy of collective action and beliefs about the necessity of standing up for a cause. Carceral Archipelago: An image of society that results from the idea that discipline is swarming through society. This means that the process affects some parts of society and not others, or it may affect some parts at one time and other parts at another time. Thus, it creates a patchwork of centers of discipline amidst a world in which other settings are less affected or unaffected by the spread of the disciplinary society. Consensus Mobilization and Identities (Framing Processes): Constructivist theories of social movements have expanded upon one of Erving Goffman’s later works, Frame Analysis . Some of the concepts their concepts include: Darwinian Revolution According to Ernst Mayr , the Darwinian Revolution entailed changes in six previously thought fundamental assumptions. First, it involved a radical upward revision in the presumed Age of the Earth . Second, it required a Rejection of both Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism . Proponents of the former believed in a dynamic world with recurrent interventions by a divine creator. Proponents of the latter assumed a static, steady state world operating according to natural laws. Darwin argued for a dynamic world operating according to natural laws. Third, Darwin Rejected the Notion of an Automatic Upward Evolution (e.g., Lamarck’s Temporalized Chain of Being). Instead he reconceptualized evolution as open-ended and multi-linear with no built-in tendency toward greater complexity. Fourth, it entailed a Rejection of Creationism . Fifth, Darwin Replaced Both Essentialism and Nominalism with Population Thinking . That is, rather than thinking of categories as sets with unique common properties (essentialism) or as arbitrary divisions of continua (nominalism), Darwin saw categories as bounded networks of genetic exchange. He also conceptualized change, not as an inherent natural tendency, but rather as the outcome of processes of variation, differential selection and inheritance. Sixth, Darwin Abolished Anthropocentrism by seeing humans, not as the apex of the Chain of Being, but rather as simply one of the many branches on the tree of life. In lecture we discussed the parallels between each of these shifts and changes currently occurring in the social sciences. Deinstitutionalization: The process, begun in the 1960s and made possible by new drug treatments, involving the closing of many psychiatric institutions and the release of the vast majority of patients who were left to their own devices to survive in the larger society. Deterrence Machine:
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2009 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Cornwell during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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EXAM 3VOCABS - Belief Amplification: (means) the...

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