FinalReview08 - Final Exam Review Guide for BioG 1109 There...

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Final Exam Review Guide for BioG 1109 There are 80 questions on your final exam ~ 26 question, each, from prelims 1 & 2; plus 28 questions from new material. Review Prelim’s 1 & 2 as guidelines for types of questions on concepts you will be tested on. Remember our goal is to assess if you have a good comprehensive understanding of key foundational concepts covered by BioG 1109. We will, therefore, test you on key concepts, or questions that demonstrate understanding of facts that are needed to master key concepts. Keep this in mind while studying – avoid “nit-picky” questions Questions from old Prelims will be similar to, BUT not exactly the same as those on the exams you took this semester. Therefore – DO NOT JUST MEMORIZE ANSWERS. You want to make sure you understand the concept/coverage of question asked- if you do, you will have no problem with the re-written questions. I’ve listed some key concept type questions below as a guideline [1 – 22 are not intended to represent all the comprehensive questions as…I’m hoping it will help you to develop a search image for key concepts]. 1. What are the traits (physical and cultural in correct order) that are associated with human evolution. Would an Australopithecine share all these traits (if not, which ones would be). 2. Know the major events that happen during meiosis I [e.g. when do homologous chromosomes pair up] 3. Know how sex linked traits are inherited and how this determines from whom a man versus a woman exhibiting the trait inherited it from. 4. Know the major differences between Mitosis & Meiosis (see lecture & lab for help: don’t forget genetics primer) 5. Be able to solve the following types of Mendelian crosses: (1) simple monohybrid cross with complete dominance; and (2) simple monohybrid cross with incomplete dominance; (3) dihybrid cross; (3) sex- linked cross. 6. What feature (if any) does a squid share, at least in terms of superficial appearance, with a vertebrate such as a human? 7. What is a scientific hypothesis? a. Hypothesis-Based Science: b. Hypothesis- a tentative answer to some question—an explanation on trial. c. Deductive Reasoning- The logic used in hypothesis-based science to come up with ways to test hypotheses. In deduction, the reasoning flows from the general to the specific. This reasoning uses the “if… then” logic. Premises 1; if all organisms are made of cells, premises 2; and humans are organisms, deduction; then humans are composed of cells. A hypothesis must be testable – there must be some way to check its validity. Second, it must be falsifiable – there must be some observation or experiment that could show that it is not true. No amount of experimental testing can prove a hypothesis beyond a showdown of doubt, because it is impossible to exhaust all alternative hypotheses. d.
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2009 for the course BIO G 109 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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FinalReview08 - Final Exam Review Guide for BioG 1109 There...

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