Oct30LecNotes - October 30th Lecture Notes Taken by Dr...

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October 30 th Lecture Notes Taken by Dr Balko (ppt) * Reading assignments for exam: Ch. 8 and 9 (as emphasized in lecture ), 13, 14, 15 (pp. 297-301) , 18 (Deuterostomes ), and 19 * Harry will hold office hours in 105 Stimson tomorrow from 9-10 AM and 2-4 PM… * Prelim on Tuesday Nov 4 th ~ during lecture time. (ppt) Sample essay questions- practice answering these!! (ppt SERES) Review of primates covered during last lecture. (ppt) Primate diversity * Humans belong to group of mammals called primates * Primates includes the lemurs and loris, tarsiers, monkeys, and apes * Primates evolved as small arboreal mammals by 65 million years ago * Primate characters include: * limber joints (especially shoulder flexibility for brachiation), *grasping hands and feet with flexible digits (opposable thumbs) *nails, not claws *short snout, *forward-pointing eyes that enhance depth perception *relatively big brains (ppt) Hominids 1. Apes and hominids diverged from a common ape-like ancestor, between 5 and 7 million years ago 2. We still share more than 97% of our genes with chimpanzees and bonobos, are our closest living relatives… do you know about Bonobos? 3. We also share some behavioral similarities, such as making and using simple tools, as well as having a sense of self, a sense of fairness, and the capacity for empathy…how would we know that?
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