15Oct05 - Lecture 15 atherosclerosis II 05 Oct 09...

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Lecture 15 atherosclerosis II 05 Oct, 09 Minimizing risk of atherosclerosis 1. Substitute unsaturated fat for saturated fat 2. Minimize consumption of dietary cholesterol 3. Minimize consumption of all fat: VLDL, LDL, Bile and etc goes down. 4. minimize consumption of energy 5. eating margarine won’t help: transsaturated fat. 6. maintain vitamin E levels 7. Eat fish twice a week. 8. Minimize consumption of omega-6 oils. 9. taking about ½ aspirin per day 10. exercise 11. Drink 1 oz of alcohol per day 12. Maintain minimum requirements for B6, B12, and frolic acid 13. Don’t smoke cigarette Inuits- eat a high fat diet; but they suffer low rate of heart disease. Why is this? - Snow area, there are not that much plants; they eat fish (high in fat) - Bleeders: When they get a cut, this is a serious situation. o Long coagulation times - Omega-3 fatty acids: contained in fish. o Diagram. o Long chain fatty acid. When there are a double carbon bond at Carbon #6, then this will be called omega 6 fatty acid. o So Omega-3 fatty acid has it at number 3. Also called Linolenic acid. This is an essential fatty acids which is important to our diet.
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