Lecture Day 4 - / O | | Fat t y acid t ails hydr ophobic...

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/ | \ O hydrophobic acid | | Fatty acid tails Chapter 3 Organic Molecules – Molecules containing carbon. CO2 1. Functional Groups –specific groups of atoms that give a carbon chain a certain characteristic. 2. Groups of macromolecules a. Carbohydrates - sugars - starches - saccharides b. FX - Energy, Cell Identity c. C H O = C1 H2 O1 = C6 H16 O6 i. Monosaccharides – a single sugar molecule = simple sugars 1. Glucose – can be absorbed by the body 2. Fructose – cannot be absorbed by the body 3. Galactose – cannot be absorbed by the body ii. Disaccharides – 2 monosaccharides joined together 1. Sucrose – table sugar = glucose + fructose 2. Lactose – milk sugar = glucose + galactose 3. Maltose – cereal sugar = glucose + glucose iii. Polysaccharides – polymers of monosaccharides = chain links Glucose Energy Glycogen fat 1. Storage polysaccharides a. Starch – storage form of glucose made by plants b. Glycogen – storage form of glucose in animals
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i. Stored in muscle and liver
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2009 for the course BIOL 1406 taught by Professor Mrs.longlet during the Spring '09 term at Lamar State College–Port Arthur.

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Lecture Day 4 - / O | | Fat t y acid t ails hydr ophobic...

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