LEC 08 CHAP 13 - Lecture 8 Colligative Properties of a...

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TOUPADAKIS Slide 1 of 46 Lecture 8 Colligative Properties of a Solution. Solutions of Nonelectrolytes. Pure Solvent and Solution Phase Diagram. Osmotic Pressure. Osmotic Pressure in Biology. Reverse Osmosis – Desalination. Solutions of Electrolytes. Van’t Hoff Factor (i).
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TOUPADAKIS Slide 2 of 46 Colligative Properties of a Solution Vapor Pressure of a Solution Boiling Point of a Solution Freezing Point of a Solution Osmotic Pressure of a Solution Those properties of a solvent (vapor pressure, boiling point, freezing point, osmotic pressure) whose value depends only on the total concentration of solute particles present in a nearly-ideal solution and not on the chemical identity of solute molecules.
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TOUPADAKIS Slide 3 of 46 Solutions of Nonelectrolytes The vapor pressure of a pure liquid solvent is lowered when a solute is added and this results in its boiling point elevation .
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