12 Black Gospel - African American Spirituals Gospel GMUS...

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African American Spirituals GMUS 203: Music in America Andrew Connell James Madison University
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The Fight For Freedom Double Conciousness W. E. Debois Double meanings in speech, song, movement Signifyin(g)
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Emancipation Lincoln - Emancipation Proclamation 1862 During Civil War, slaves take refuge in Union forts “Contraband of war” Post-emancipation, Northerners “discover” A-A spirituals (1867) Slave Songs of the United States collected & arranged by William Allen, Charles Ware, and Lucy Garrison Blacks also found new venues and purposes for the spiritual
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Fisk Jubilee Singers Existed in opposition to minstrelsy Represented the new “authentic” black sound Founded 1870 Black Fisk University students Toured 1871-78 to raise funds for university Listen: “Wade in the Water”
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20 th Century Black Gospel Music Roots in the Holiness Movement Developed in urban black churches Newly composed “spirituals” performed in a blues-drenched style
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12 Black Gospel - African American Spirituals Gospel GMUS...

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