PHIL/CLA 205: Introduction to Ancient Philosophy Hendrik Lorenz Handout for Lecture 1 1. Some key dates for ancient philosophy 625 B.C. Educated guess as to when (approximately) Thales of Miletus was born 585 Thales successfully predicts an eclipse of the sun 540-480 Probable dates for the life of Heraclitus of Ephesus 515-450 or later Parmenides of Elea 468-399 Socrates (Athens) 460-370 (or 470-380) Democritus of Abdera 428-349 Plato (Athens) 384-322 Aristotle (Stagira) 342-271 Epicurus 280-208 Chrysippus 2. Texts (1) First of all did Chaos come into being, and then broad-bosomed Gaia [Earth], a firm seat of all things forever, and misty Tartaros in a recess of broad-wayed Earth, and Eros [Love], who is fairest among immortal gods, looser of limbs, and subdues in their breasts the mind and thoughtful counsel of all gods and all men. Out of Chaos, Erebus and black Night came into being; and from Night again came Aither and Day, whom she conceived and bore after mingling in love with Erebos. (Hesiod, Theogony 116, KRS 31)
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