This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Many of them may also appear on the exam for the sculpture and architecture exam. On the vocabulary exam particularly, IT IS POSSIBLE TO GET QUESTIONS WITH THE SAME WORD WITH A SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT DEFINITION, OR EXPRESSED IN A DIFFERENT WAY. As in previous exams this semester, I had to devise as many questions as possible, and found myself making questions with some words multiple times (at the moment the only ones that come to mind are nave and apse ), so it is not a mistake, and I’m not trying to trick you—I’m quite sure the definitions are correct in each case, although stated differently. The cumulative exam will consist of 40 to 45 (haven’t decided yet) vocabulary questions and the remainder of the 50 questions derived from the timeline. Architecture Vocabulary Ambulatory – Aisle that goes all around the church. A semicircular or polygonal aisle. Often an ambulatory leads around the east end of the choir; separating the choir from apses or chapels. Ashlar Masonry – a building with stone/brick, but no mortar (ancient structures, Parthenon) Basilica – gov building, lots of interior space, ideal church for Christian worship Cathedra – throne of a bishop (official of Catholic church) Cathedral – home church of a bishop for said region (each bishop governs a region) Choir – area btwn apse and crossing Elevation – architectural drawing, view from the side Entasis – a bulge in a column that makes it look fatter in response to the weight they bare Façade – the face/front of a building Flying buttress - a thickening in the wall that helps support [building parts] (Gothic) Keystone – stone at the top of arch Oculus – round opening/hole at top that lets sunlight come in (Pantheon) Pediment – triangle on the top of the Parthenon Pendentive – structures that transition the roundness of the dome to the squareness of the building it sits on Voussoirs – wedge-shaped stone that makes up an arch Cumulative Vocabulary Achromatic – having no color/hue, mostly blacks, grays, whites, browns Acrylic – clear plastic, used as a binder: paint, casting material: sculpture Aesthetic – perception, being able to see and feel; pertaining to sense of the beautiful and to heightened sensory perception Afterimage – img that remains after stimulus is gone, staring at intense hue makes eye fatigued so that you only see the complement afterwards Allegory – representation of abstract ideas/principles in art; similar to a symbol (of death, music), Ambulatory - Aisle that goes all around the church. A semicircular or polygonal aisle. Often an - Aisle that goes all around the church....
View Full Document
- Fall '07
- Architectural drawing, Ambulatory Aisle, building Flying buttress, color gold Camera