SociologyNotes_ColtonWallace - The sociological imagination...

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The sociological imagination refers to a quality of mind that enables its possessor to grasp the connections between his or her personal biography and personal troubles and larger historically specific social developments (deindustrialization, war, economic recession) Social theory “Logical explanations of social processes and patterns or causal explanations about how and why events occur” (Lewis) Interested on how patterns emerge and why processes have emerged How refers to the process Why refers to the causes Emile Durkheim Image of humanity: humans beings have insatiable appetites. They Are perpetually unhappy because they can never get enough of anything Social order- society protects humans from this insatiable appetite; it consists of a system of external regulations that limit their otherwise limitless desires, uniting them into a functional whole Social facts- social regulations that limit human desire and in turn ensure social order; they glue together each part of the social world 2 key characteristics of a social fact: External: they endure overtime while individuals die and are replaced by others Constraining/ Coercive- they compel us to think, feel, and act in particular ways; they are “moulds into which we are required to cast our actions” (durkheim)

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