ENG112-WOOD-CH7PP-6eR - Chapter 7 Types of Proof...

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Chapter 7 Types of Proof
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Traditional Proof Aristotle Proofs that can be laid on the table Proofs that represent creative thinking Logos (logic) Ethos (credibility) Pathos (emotion)
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Logical Proof Appeals to people’s reason, understanding, and common sense. Relies on reasoned opinion and factual data Relies on warrants that suggest the soundness and truth of the support Aristotle felt that this is the most important type.
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Types of Logical Proof: Logos Based on reality Rely on factual information-SICDADS Sign Induction Cause Deduction Analogies Definition Statistics
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Argument from Signs Visible signs Look for visible clues, symptoms, and occurences.
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Argument from Induction Provides a number of examples and draws a claim Argument from generalization or argument from example In “into” Duc “lead” An inductive argument uses examples to lead into a claim or generalization about the examples Demonstrates probability, rather than truth Must have sufficient number of examples
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Argument from Cause Cause-and-effect relationships Look for events, trends, and people that have caused certain things to happen
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Argument from Deduction Argument from principle De “from” Duc “lead” A deductive argument leads from a general principle
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ENG112-WOOD-CH7PP-6eR - Chapter 7 Types of Proof...

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