Comm 102 - Language: Barrier or Bridge o Chapter Summary...

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Looking Out , Looking In 12 th Edition Chapter 5 1 Language: Barrier or Bridge o Chapter Summary Language is Symbolic Understanding and Misunderstanding The Impact of Language Gender and Language Culture and Language
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Looking Out , Looking In 12 th Edition Chapter 5 2 Language is Symbolic o Signs Signs have a direct connection with communication Language is symbolic Symbols enable more effective communication Not all languages use the same symbols Messages mean different things to different people “Take a little of the top,” means one thing to you and another to the barber
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Looking Out , Looking In 12 th Edition Chapter 5 3 Understanding and Misunderstanding o Understanding Words Semantic Rules The way users of language assign meaning to a word •Bikes are for riding and books are for reading Equivocation Statements that have more than one associated meaning Some amusing newspaper headlines •“Family Catches Fire Just in Time, “Trees Can Break Wind,” and “Man Stuck on Toilet; Stool Suspected”
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Looking Out , Looking In 12 th Edition Chapter 5 4 Understanding and Misunderstanding o Understanding Words Relative Language Words that gain meaning by comparison •“Fast and Slow,” “Smart and Stupid,” “Short and Long.” •Relative language is not always clear How cheap is cheap? Static Evaluation Statements that contain or imply the word is Subscripting is a devise that reduces static evaluation
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Looking Out , Looking In 12 th Edition Chapter 5 5 Understanding and Misunderstanding o Understanding Words Abstraction Abstract vs. Behavior Language •Specific things people do or say Overly abstract language can lead to serious problems Specific language can be undesirable and even seen as rude FIGURE 5.1 Page 161
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Looking Out , Looking In 12 th Edition Chapter 5 6 Understanding and Misunderstanding o Understanding Structure Syntactic Rules Govern the grammar of language We tend to notice when they’re violated African-American English (AAE) It is important to look past syntax in order to avoid miscommunication “I be angry,” vs. “I am angry.”
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2009 for the course COMM COMM102 taught by Professor Katepatinas during the Fall '09 term at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Comm 102 - Language: Barrier or Bridge o Chapter Summary...

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