Long Essay 1

Long Essay 1 - Long Essay 1 Historians who study North American interaction between Indigenous people and Europeans in the colonial era have

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Long Essay 1) Historians who study North American interaction between Indigenous people and Europeans in the colonial era have identified two distinct models. Most notably, they have been entitled the “Middle Grounds” as well as the “Native Grounds.” While the Middle Ground was a place where neither Natives nor Europeans could dominate the other by force, the Native Grounds were a place where Europeans mattered, but as Kathleen Duval stated in her book The Native Grounds “ mattering and dominating are not the same.” The “ middle ground “ was created to accommodate without interference (lecture). While the Indians accepted Europeans in order to forge diplomatic alliances against rival tribes and later to acquire the trade goods that Europeans offered (The West), Europeans such as the French entered this fragmented world offering an alliance of protection in exchange for trade of beaver and bison skin. In the Great Plains – the region that accommodated Middle Ground, bison and beavers were plentiful. These two animals were the largest traded animals in North America, were the “basic food” for North Americans, were hunted for garments and teepee covers, but most importantly were the stable variable in remaining in good graces with Europeans. But as the Europeans developed a large trading market for these products, the Indians in this region also developed dependence on European goods such as traps, pots, as well as guns and alcohol. This trade developed a negotiation site where new symbols, new languages, new traditions, and new cultures were born from the interactions between Indians (specifically, the Algonquins) and Europeans. The passage titled “ An Indian Trading Session at Hudson Bay” written by the French private trader Pierre Radisson, found in The West: In the History of the Nation illustrated and gives a
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2009 for the course HIST 461 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Long Essay 1 - Long Essay 1 Historians who study North American interaction between Indigenous people and Europeans in the colonial era have

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