Global Studies note 1

Global Studies note 1 - Global Studies 1 2009 Introduction...

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Global Studies 1 2009 Introduction Reading Note #1 In the Introduction, by Giles Gunn, he introduces the ideas of globalization and how it is expressed through the text. He says that the terms globalization are hard to put definitions on, but can best be described as, “the widening and deepening and speeding up of the interconnectedness of the world” (x.) He goes on to say that there are many debates as to which classifications of this “interconnectedness” matter; such as economic, environmental, and spiritual. Also, there is confusion as to when we can pinpoint the beginning of this global interaction. Through this article Gunn also addresses the three main forms of thought in the field of globalization. These are: transformationalists, hyperglobalists and sceptics. Most interestingly, Gunn credits a major part of the development of globalization to the growth of higher education. I feel this credit is very righteous in its message. As people search for knowledge and become more educated, there is a growing interest in the people of other cultures, and with new technology that can increase research and travel; people are now more open to those in the world around them. One of the points Gunn made in his argument that I found especially interesting was that we try to place history in increments of 100 years. I feel that this is very true, and in doing this we limit ourselves in the way we look at time and change. Our world is ever changing and by dividing this change into centuries we often overlook the smaller changes that we encounter every day. In the Center of the Map: Nations See Themselves as the Hub of History Reading Note #2 The article “In the Center of the Map: Nations See Themselves as the Hub of History,” the author, Marshall Hodgson comments on early world history and mapping. It looks into the early cultures of the Chinese, Muslim, and European empires, and how similarly in each one, they saw themselves or other key places in their cultures, as the center of the world. Each culture wanted to assure their “own people would be in the center of history…” (1.) Even when technology had developed enough that scholars had to recognize China was not exactly the “Middle Kingdom” they still wanted it to be known that their empire was strong and therefore center of the globe. While the Chinese wanted their capital to be the center, Muslims used their religion as the basis for why Mecca (the birthplace of Mohammed) was the center of the “earth’s surface” (3.) For Europeans the center of the globe was Jerusalem, because of Rome’s religious significance. They too, like Muslims, saw their faith as the center for what the globe should be like. Even now, I feel that Westerners have followed this trend and thought of themselves as the most influential; even in common day maps Europe is magnified so that the smaller countries can have geographic acknowledgment. This standard is not especially used in regards to the small countries of the Middle East or even Africa. I
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2009 for the course GLOBAL STU 1 taught by Professor Dunn during the Spring '07 term at UCSB.

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Global Studies note 1 - Global Studies 1 2009 Introduction...

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