Candide - Candide The work is not entirely pessimistic...

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“Candide” The work is not entirely pessimistic, certainly not entirely optimistic and therefore lies somewhere in between. Voltaire ends the novel with a semi-optimistic idea, but overall the basic idea is that corruption exists everywhere. Voltaire uses the novel to point out vice, avarice and greed as well as many other corrupt or evil worldly desires. He creates characters to embody individual human flaws. Candide is blindly faithful and innocent by nature. He never really understands that he can make a choice in everything. Even at the end, he still doesn’t question the ideas of others or scrutinize his knowledge and options appropriately. Pangloss embodies a fatal flaw that I’m sure many other people are still crippled by today as they were during Voltaire’s time. He has blind faith in good. No matter what ills befall him he blindly follows his optimistic philosophy. Regardless of the outcome he never wavers from his quest to find a way that all is for the best. This pure optimism causes him a great deal of suffering along the way, yet he won’t let it go. Pangloss appears to be incapable of ever adapting the knowledge he has garnered through his exploits to his philosophical pondering. He would of course have a much better and more realistic view of the world and its environs if he would allow his philosophy to evolve in this manner. Martin is the exact opposite of Pangloss in all ways except one. He is exactly the same in regards to having an unwavering devotion to his philosophy. His philosophy is that of pessimism and therefore he spends all of his idle time finding the evil around him. It of course isn’t too very hard for him to find a way to explain the events of the world in this novel through evil. Evil pervades every aspect of the environment that Voltaire has created. The problem is that not everything is caused by evil and not everything is entirely good or evil. Something can be part good and part evil, but of course Martin is necessarily blind to this possibility. Martin has never learned to accept "good" and so therefore misses it when it does present itself. All in all the work is slightly pessimistic but leaves you with a sense that the world could better if we made it so, implying optimism. He shows the corruption of organized religion in various ways. He charges organized religion with hypocrisy, sexual misdeeds and greed. He introduces us to the daughter of a Pope. The pope is the highest level of priesthood in the Catholic Church. Priesthood in the Catholic Church requires a vow of celibacy be taken; yet the Pope was her father. This indicates a high level of disregard for the doctrine of his own church. Voltaire uses the daughter of the pope to show us the flaws in the humans ordained as priests in the Catholic Church. Similarly the expectation of a Catholic Inquisitor to be faithful to the doctrine and therefore celibate is used by Voltaire as yet another means of displaying the hypocrisy and sexual misdeeds of the religious authorities. The Inquisitor
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