Final review sheet

Final review sheet - Final review sheet Final Exam Review...

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Final review sheet Final Exam Review Sheet: ANTH 171 (1) Videos a. Life of Mammals • What are the different New World monkeys? - Capuchins - Uakaris - Pygmy Marmoset - Aotus (Night or Owl Monkeys) - Marmosets and Tamarins - Howlers Which monkeys fed on clams and what does this demonstrate Capuchins Why is a prehensile tail important and which monkeys have it? Howler Monkeys have prehensile tails that are important in holding and manipulating objects. Having a prehensile tail also aids these arboreal creatures in finding and eating food in the trees. Also for reaching peripherals in trees. • What is special about tamarins and marmosets? Marmosets and Tamarins practice polyandry, which is refers to females having more than one male as a sexual partner; this is relatively unusual in the primate world. Male Marmosets and Tamarins also assist with parental care. Which primates have color vision and why is this important? Howlers have color vision that allows them to avoid leaves that are red and loaded with poisons. • Which monkeys have especially loud calls, what is the significance of it? Howlers have especially loud calls that allow these monkeys to verbally, rather than physically, defend their territory. Since Howlers are folivores, or leaf-eaters, they typically don’t have a lot of energy to chase off intruders. • What are the different Old World monkeys Black and White Colobus Mangabeys Guenons Macaques Baboons Gelada Which old world monkeys have dominance hierarchies, how does the alpha male become number one?
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b. Ai – the chimpanzee mind Who was Ai and why was Ai so special? AI is a captive trained Chimpanzee who is trained to use lexigrams as visual signals. She is special because she was the first Chimpanzee to construct lexigrams. What did the symbols represent? Objects. Ex. Shoes Did Ai know English or Japanese or both? She knew neither What kinds of tasks could Ai perform? What were the wild chimpanzees able to do?
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