Notes from: (species names underlined are ones to remember) Life of Mammals: the social climbers – only monkeys – no prosimians (lemurs) or apes Pay special attention to for each species: • Group size and complexity (how many males per female and females per male) • Male and female mating and social strategies • When sex occurs and with whom • Who cares for infants MONKEY Species names used: • New World monkeys • Capuchins (Central and South American monkeys with clams, rubbing with Piper leaves as insect repelling sap and antiseptic, knowledge spreads as group tradition): several males, several females, importance of learning • Uakaris – red bare face, and Saki white face (S. American monkeys) – face color = social status, able to eat unripe fruit. Saki: has special teeth for cracking nuts. Spider monkey has prehensile tail for reaching peripherals of trees. • Pygmy marmoset so small it can get to edges of trees – note claws and see with forward eyes to pounce on insects. Also eat sap and gums from same tree so that wounds / lumps are made on trees.
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