Final Study Guide LS 1

Final Study Guide LS 1 - From the first midterm, do and or...

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From the first midterm, do and or review the following: Understand theory and the scientific method How does a researcher’s perspective affect their study? Be able to explain natural selection and why it is important in the study of evolution. How do we classify organisms? What is the difference between phenetic and cladistic methods in systematics? You should be able to “read” a phylogenetic tree and use all associated vocabulary. What evidence do we use to see that species have changed over time? How did Darwin’s voyage help him formulate his hypotheses and theory related to evolution? What is the difference between homology and analogy? What is an adaptation? Hardy-Weinberg principle Understand the mechanisms of natural selection, types of speciation, and how species boundaries are maintained. Have a general idea of how the continents have shifted over time (Pangea, Gondwana and Laurentia). Genetic mechanisms of change How do bacteria affect the nitrogen cycle? Review Table 26.1-4 From the second midterm, do and or review the following: How do protists affect the carbon cycle? Understand protists role as producers Review the endosymbiosis theory What is the importance of plants to humans? Review Fig. 29.17 What are the major themes in the evolution of plants? Rev. Fig. 30.12 to understand the adaptations Can you explain the angiosperm radiation and the factors that most likely contributed to it? What are the economic impacts of fungi? Why is the role of fungi important in so many habitats? What are the major characteristics of animals? What are the two major divisions of animals, what are the different body plans and how are the bilateria divided? What are the different modes for feeding, movement and reproduction in animals? Make sure you can give an example of each. What are the chordate and vertebrate characteristics (also something you should know from lab). Review Fig. 34.7 What are some of the evolutionary innovations that occurred in animals for them to conquer land?
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From the last section (the majority of questions will be on this section of the final.) From your book: Go through the problems at the end of each chapter, including the conceptual review Look at the experimental boxes one more time and make sure you understand what’s going on in each of the experiments. Go through the exercises in the book underneath the figures (review all figures) And of course – go over the lecture notes, some of the material in the chapters crosses more than one lecture – it’s important to see those connections. What is ecology and what different levels do we speak about ecology? What is the major difference between biotic and abiotic factors that affect ecology? Can you explain why we have the weather patterns we do at different latitudes?
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Final Study Guide LS 1 - From the first midterm, do and or...

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