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Unformatted text preview: 09/05/2009 10:35:00 PRELIM ONE STUDY GUIDE Reis & Collins: The authors argue that the validity and usefulness of psychological science will be enhanced if theories and research take relationships into account. Be familiar with examples in the domains of social cognition and emotion. Social Cognition -Self serving attribution bias o people give themselves more credit for success and less responsibility for failure than they give strangers. NOT observed when the self is compared with close relationship partners who are accorded the same attribution generosity as is the self. -Self referential effect the enhancement of memory when information is encoded with reference to the self rather than, for example, another person. This effect is significantly smaller when the other person is an intimate rather than a stranger or acquaintance. *partners in close committed relationship adopting an interpedently frame of reference *degree of overlap in own-name and close-friend condition was more pronounced to the extent than the relationship with the other was experienced as a close relationship -Representation of significant others from ones past may affect ones inferences, recollections, evaluations and feelings about a new acquaintance when the new acquaintance resembles the significant other -evolved brain mechanisms tend to be specialized to fit varying role requirements of different relationship contexts. Humans extraordinary capacity to quickly recognize close friends or even distinct acquaintances expedites activation of different cognitive processes with different partners. Emotion -Several emotions are intrinsically relationship-specific; they are unlikely to arise outside of relationships Jealous, maternal and romantic love, grief over loss -for most other emotions, the likelihood, intensity and nature of expression typically are influenced by the individuals relationship with the target of the relationship i.e. get mad at rude boyfriend more than rude bus driver -emotion-in-relationships model=expectancy violations are the case of emotion -peoples willingness to communicate about emotional experience depends on their relationship with the person who they are communicating People more willing to express both positive and negative emotions to the extent that a relationship is intimate, trusting and communal, regardless of whether the emotion was triggered by the partner or someone else. -emotional displays may be suppressed when emotion is perceived to have...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2009 for the course HD 3440 at Cornell University (Engineering School).