Unformatted text preview: What signs and symptoms occur in association with achalasia? Relate these signs and symptoms, when possible, to functional changes that occur in this disease process. How is achalasia diagnosed? How is achalasia treated/managed? (Address medical/surgical/ pharmacological, behavioral and nutritional treatment/management as appropriate.) What are the potential complications of various treatment strategies? What is GERD? What are the causes/contributing factors of GERD? What signs and symptoms are associated with GERD? Relate the signs and symptoms, when possible, to the functional changes that occur in this disease. How is GERD diagnosed? Describe the methods used to diagnose GERD. 2...
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- Spring '09
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease, lower esophageal sphincter, Achalasia, Cardia