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HUN4446test 1 review - What signs and symptoms occur in...

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Preparatory: Saliva, mixing and chewing (forming of bolus) Transit: movement to back of mouth (bolus) Pharyngeal: bolus into esophagus Esophageal: esophagus into stomach Distinguish among the potential causes of dysphagia (i.e., neurological, motor, structural/mechanical) and the related signs and symptoms associated with the various causes. Describe the methods used to assess swallowing function. Describe the nutritional considerations/management recommended for patients with different types of dysphagia. Esophageal Disorders: Achalasia, GERD, etc. Describe the normal function of the esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). What changes occur in esophageal/LES function in achalasia? What is the underlying problem?
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Unformatted text preview: What signs and symptoms occur in association with achalasia? Relate these signs and symptoms, when possible, to functional changes that occur in this disease process. How is achalasia diagnosed? How is achalasia treated/managed? (Address medical/surgical/ pharmacological, behavioral and nutritional treatment/management as appropriate.) What are the potential complications of various treatment strategies? What is GERD? What are the causes/contributing factors of GERD? What signs and symptoms are associated with GERD? Relate the signs and symptoms, when possible, to the functional changes that occur in this disease. How is GERD diagnosed? Describe the methods used to diagnose GERD. 2...
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