Chapter 18: Sectionalism between North and South - Chapter...

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Chapter 18: Sectionalism between North and South Important Events Leading up to Civil War: Missouri Compromise of 1820 Saw the need to balance slave and free states Nullification Controversy of 1832 South Carolina first threatened to secede from the Union Abolitionism Started 1833: Abolition Conference in London 1808: banned slave trade Second Great Awakening Gag Rule, 1836 Members of the House of Rep: to maintain peace, not gonna talk about slavery Wilmot Proviso, 1848 After won Mexican-American War, David Wilmot said to make sure that land is not open for slavery Compromise of 1850 Important move for the South Nashville Convention Ca → free state Fugitive slave law (did not please Northerners) Banned slave trade in Washington but continued the practice Popular sovereignty Kansas Nebraska Act, 1854 Split Kansas (slave state) and Nebraska (free state) Popular sovereignty dispute Proslavery → flood this area with our settlers (Kansas) Bleeding Kansas: people started killing one another “Bleeding Kansas” Dred Scott case, 1857 Dred Scott living with master for five years in Illinois Scott declared himself as free and sued his owner for freedom; went to the SC, Roger Taney (proslavery/sec of treasury under Andrew Jackson) said Scott was not a citizen As a result, he is a property John Brown’s Raid, 1859 Harper’s ferry: He and his five sons will raid this territory and will kill off proslavery individuals No right to disrupt business Election of 1860: Lincoln elected 6 southern states that decided to secede from the Union Dec 1861: Confederate States of America
KEY IDEA: Allowing and forbidding slavery in new territroy OBJECTIVE: Analyze issues that increased sectionalism in the US between 1848 and 1854. THEME: In the wake of the Mexican War, sectional tensions over the Mexican Cession were temporarily eased by the Compromise of 1850. - Clay, Webster, and Calhoun’s shifts in ideology I. The Mexican Cession A. Wilmot Proviso 1. Brought slavery into the forefront of American politcs until the Civil War 2. The issue threatened to split both Whigs and Democrats along sectional lines B. “Popular Soverignty” emerged as a way to avoid the issue of slavery in the Mexican Cession and other western territories 1. Defention: the people of a territory should decide for themselves the status of slavery in that territory 2. Lewis Cass, Democratic candidate for president in 1848, introduced the idea of popular sovereignty 3. The idea was supported by many because it appealed to the deomcractic tradition

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