INDIA RESEARCH PAPER
By Karna Upadhyay
India is located on the southern tip of Asia that juts into the Indian Ocean.
It used to
be a very isolated country because of the natural barriers that surround it, namely, the Indian
Ocean to its south, east and west, and Himalayan and Hindu Kush mountains to its north.
India was home to one of the oldest and most advanced civilizations called the Indus.
The Indus Civilization dates back as far as 3000 BC and is known best for their complex, but
They contained citadels that overlooked the city, as well as granaries,
grand halls, and even household toilets.
At its peak, the Indus Civilization spanned over half
a million square miles.
It outlasted both the great Egyptian and Sumer civilizations.
Over the centuries, many people have invaded India.
The first were the Aryans
around 1500 BC.
During their rule, the Aryans infused India with a culture that is still
They brought to India the Sanskrit language, the social caste system, and
even its dominant religion--Hinduism.
After the Aryans, many other peoples have ruled parts
India for periods of time.
These include the Persians, the Greeks, and even British.
The British were the last people to have colonized India, although at first, in the
1600’s, Europeans in general began to take over.
The Portuguese, Danish, Dutch, French and
British all held land in India.
However, over time, Britain took over most of India and made
it a colony.
Britain, itself, did not actually go into India and take it over, rather a company
called the East India Company, which was chartered by the British Crown, brought India
under British rule.
The East India Company was a trading company that initially established trading