PSYC 223 EXAM 1 - PSYC 223 EXAM I 1 With regard to the...

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PSYC 223: EXAM I 1. With regard to the criteria that define abnormality, it would be correct to state that: a. no one criterion has yet been developed that fully defines abnormality b. personal distress is the one criterion that defines abnormality c. the criteria differ depending on the cause of the psychological disorder d. the criteria differ depending on whether the individual has a psychological disorder or a psychological dysfunction 2. The typical profile or prototype of a disorder reflects the ___________ as described in DSM-IV. a. theoretical perspectives on abnormality b. treatments for mental disorders c. causes of mental illness d. diagnostic criteria for psychological disorders 3. After college graduation two of your friends are interested in careers in the helping professions. Anna wants to become a psychiatrist; Carl plans on becoming a psychologist. Since you are taking a course in Abnormal Psychology, they ask you for career advice. You would tell: a. Anna to apply to medical school and Carl to study psychology at the graduate level b. Carl to apply to medical school and Anna to study psychology at the graduate level c. both of them to apply to medical school d. both of them to apply to graduate school 4. At various times in history, in an attempt to explain problematic, irrational behavior, humans have focused on supernatural causes that include all of the following EXCEPT: a. magnetic fields b. demons and evil spirits c. bodily humors d. the moon and stars 5. Which of the following accurately describes common beliefs about people with psychological disorders during the 14 th century? a. they were considered to be suffering from religious delusions and were cared for by members of the church communities b. they were seen as possessed by evil spirits and blamed for all misfortunes c. they were regarded as basically good individuals who were not responsible for their abnormal behavior d. they were provided with medical treatments and sometimes hospitalized because mental illness was regarded as equivalent to physical illness 6. Which of the following is NOT one of the causes of psychopathology suggested by the Greek physician Hippocrates (400 BC)? a. head injury b. brain pathology c. Genetics d. spirit possession
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7. In an attempt to rid the body of the excessive humors thought to be causing psychological disorders, physicians throughout history have used treatments such as: a. bloodletting b. induced seizures c. exorcism d. drilling through the skull 8. In the late 1800’s the emphasis on a biological cause of mental disorder resulted ironically in reduced interest in treatments for mental patients because it was thought that: a. physicians should devote more time to the physically ill b. patients would improve more rapidly if they were not hospitalized c. the hospital staff was not adequately trained to administer new treatments d. mental illness due to brain pathology was incurable 9. In contrast to the asylums of the early 18
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2009 for the course PSYC 223 taught by Professor Cole during the Spring '09 term at Binghamton.

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PSYC 223 EXAM 1 - PSYC 223 EXAM I 1 With regard to the...

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