World-wide Volkswagen v. Woodson

World-wide Volkswagen v. Woodson - WORLD-WIDE VOLKSWAGEN...

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WORLD-WIDE VOLKSWAGEN CORP. ET AL. v. WOODSON, DISTRICT JUDGE OF CREEK COUNTY, OKLAHOMA, ET AL. No. 78-1078 SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES 444 U.S. 286; 100 S. Ct. 559; 62 L. Ed. 2d 490; 1980 U.S. LEXIS 65 October 3, 1979, Argued January 21, 1980, Decided PRIOR HISTORY: CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT OF OKLAHOMA. DISPOSITION: 585 P. 2d 351 , reversed. DECISION: Oklahoma court's exercise, under long-arm statute, of in personam jurisdiction over New York auto retailer and wholesale distributor for products liability action arising from auto accident in Oklahoma, held violative of due process. SUMMARY: Residents of New York who had purchased an automobile from a retailer in New York brought a products liability action against the retailer and its wholesale distributor, among others, in the District Court for Creek County, Oklahoma, claiming that injuries which they suffered in an accident involving their automobile in Oklahoma were caused by the defective design and placement of their automobile's gas tank and fuel system. The retailer and wholesale distributor, who were incorporated in New York and did business there, entered special appearances in the litigation, asserting that Oklahoma's exercise of jurisdiction over them would offend the limitations on state jurisdiction imposed by the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment . The trial court rejected the due process claim. Subsequently, the retailer and wholesale distributor sought a writ of prohibition in the Supreme Court of Oklahoma to restrain the trial judge from exercising in personam jurisdiction over them, but the writ was denied on the ground that personal jurisdiction was authorized by a provision of Oklahoma's "long-arm" statute authorizing an Oklahoma court's exercise of in personam jurisdiction over a person who causes tortious injury in Oklahoma by an act or omission outside Oklahoma "if he regularly does or solicits business or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered" in
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World-wide Volkswagen v. Woodson - WORLD-WIDE VOLKSWAGEN...

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