1 Ch1 Intro 08 bb - Fundam ntals of e NTR 306 Dr. Monica Me...

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Fundamentals of NTR 306 Dr. Monica Meadows
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Syllabus, Calendar & Objectives The syllabus, calendar & objectives are posted on the UT Blackboard Access the Blackboard with your EID Go to http://courses.utexas.edu or from UT Direct, go to Instruction
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Learn about nutrients and what they do in and for the human body Purpose of the Course
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Why study nutrition? Consumers need to know about nutrition in order to make wise choices for their own food intake Good nutrition promotes good health is essential to growth and development
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Cornell Study Honor’s student assessed wt gain in 60 first-semester students at Cornell Students gained an average of 0.3 pounds/week or 4.2 pounds in 12 weeks How? Consuming 174 kcals/day more than expended
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More Cornell Info. Predictors of weight gain included: - Breakfast and lunch all-you-can-eat buffet - Number of meals on the weekend - Number of evening snacks - Consumption of “junk” food - Recent dieting
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TERMINOLOGY Nutrition - study of the nutrients in food and the body's handling of them Food - plant or animal products that yield nutrients
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NUTRIENTS Definition of nutrient - chemicals in foods that our bodies use for energy and to support the growth, maintenance, and repair of our tissues Essential Nutrients - nutrients for which specific biological functions have been identified, and which our bodies cannot make enough of to meet our biological needs
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Classes of Nutrients Carbohydrates Fat/Lipids Protein Vitamins Minerals Water
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Classifications Organic / Inorganic Energy yielding / Non-energy yielding Macronutrients / Micronutrients
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Organic Nutrients Organic – substance or molecule containing carbon large complex molecules carbohydrate protein fat vitamins
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Inorganic Nutrients Inorganic – Not living contains no carbon simple molecules minerals water
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Energy yielding nutrients Organic Broken down for energy Promotes growth, maintenance, and repair of tissues
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ENERGY YEILDING NUTRIENTS Carbohydrate Protein Fat Energy (kilocalories/heat) Carbon Dioxide Water Broken down
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1 Ch1 Intro 08 bb - Fundam ntals of e NTR 306 Dr. Monica Me...

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