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Unformatted text preview: MECH201 Engineering Analysis (2009) p. 21 5 EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 5.1 The engenvalue and eigenvectors Section 27.2.1 Eigenvalue or characteristic value problems are used in a wide variety of engineering contexts involving vibrations, elasticity, and oscillating systems. Let us consider a set of nonhomogenous linear algebraic equations of the form [ ]{ } { } A x b = where [A] is a square matrix of n rows and columns, {x} and {b} are column vector of n elements. If the determinant of [A] is not zero, [ ] A ≠ , then it is possible to construct the inverse of [A], that is [ ] 1 A , and a set of unique solution existed and is given by: { } [ ] { } 1 x A b = On the other hand, the inverse for [A] does not exist if [ ] A = . The result is that there will be no unique solution for {x} For example, [ ] 3 4 1 6 10 2 9 7 3 A =  the determinant of [A] is zero. The solution for [ ]{ } { } A x = is { } 3 x α α =  where α is any values. This means that there is not unique solution for the above system of equations. Eigenvalue problems associated with engineering are of the form [ ]{ } { } A x x λ = Where λ is an unknown parameter called the eigenvalue or characteristic value. Let [I] be a unit matrix of the same size as [A]....
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2009 for the course MECH 201 taught by Professor Weihuali during the Three '09 term at University of Wollongong, Australia.
 Three '09
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