Chapter3 - Chapter 3 Transport Layer Chapter 3: Transport...

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Transport Layer 3-1 Chapter 3 Transport Layer Al material copyright 1996-2007 J.F Kurose and K.W. Ross, Al Rights Reserved Transport Layer 3-2 Chapter 3: Transport Layer Our goals: ± understand principles behind transport layer services: ² multiplexing/demultipl exing ² reliable data transfer ² flow control ² congestion control ± learn about transport layer protocols in the Internet: ² UDP: connectionless transport ² TCP: connection-oriented transport ² TCP congestion control Transport Layer 3-3 Chapter 3 outline ± 3.1 Transport-layer services ± 3.2 Multiplexing and demultiplexing ± 3.3 Connectionless transport: UDP ± 3.4 Principles of reliable data transfer ± 3.5 Connection-oriented transport: TCP ² segment structure ² reliable data transfer ² flow control ² connection management ± 3.6 Principles of congestion control ± 3.7 TCP congestion control Transport Layer 3-4 Transport services and protocols ± provide logical communication between app processes running on different hosts ± transport protocols run in end systems ² send side: breaks app messages into segments , passes to network layer ² rcv side: reassembles segments into messages, passes to app layer ± more than one transport protocol available to apps ² Internet: TCP and UDP application transport network data link physical application transport network data link physical l o g i c a l e n d - t r s p Transport Layer 3-5 Transport vs. network layer ± network layer: logical communication between hosts ± transport layer: logical communication between processes ² relies on, enhances, network layer services Household analogy: 12 kids sending letters to 12 kids ± processes = kids ± app messages = letters in envelopes ± hosts = houses ± transport protocol = Ann and Bill ± network-layer protocol = postal service Transport Layer 3-6 Internet transport-layer protocols ± reliable, in-order delivery (TCP) ² congestion control ² flow control ² connection setup ± unreliable, unordered delivery: UDP ² no-frills extension of “best-effort” IP ± services not available: ² delay guarantees ² bandwidth guarantees application transport network data link physical network data link physical network data link physical network data link physical network data link physical network data link physical network data link physical application transport network data link physical
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Transport Layer 3-7 Chapter 3 outline ± 3.1 Transport-layer services ± 3.2 Multiplexing and demultiplexing ± 3.3 Connectionless transport: UDP ± 3.4 Principles of reliable data transfer ± 3.5 Connection-oriented transport: TCP ² segment structure ² reliable data transfer ² flow control ² connection management ± 3.6 Principles of congestion control ± 3.7 TCP congestion control Transport Layer 3-8 Multiplexing/demultiplexing application transport network link physical P1 application transport network link physical application transport network link physical P2 P3 P4 P1 host 1 host 2 host 3 = process = socket delivering received segments to correct socket
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Chapter3 - Chapter 3 Transport Layer Chapter 3: Transport...

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