Ch25_Test_File2

Ch25_Test_File2 - Test File to accompany Life The Science of Biology Eighth Edition Sadava Heller Orians Purves Hillis Chapter 25 Reconstructing

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Test File to accompany Life: The Science of Biology , Eighth Edition Sadava • Heller • Orians • Purves • Hillis Chapter 25: Reconstructing and Using Phylogenies TEST FILE QUESTIONS 3. The evolutionary relationship among organisms is known as a. taxonomy. b. phylogeny. c. paraphyly. d. synapomorphy. e. homoplasy. Textbook Reference: 25.0 Phylogenetic Trees in the Courtroom, p. 542 4. A taxon that consists of all of the descendants of a common ancestor is called a. a synapomorphy. b. a polyphyly. c. a clade. d. parsimonious. e. self-compatible. Textbook Reference: 25.0 Phylogenetic Trees in the Courtroom, p. 542 5. Humans and chimpanzees, which are each other’s closest relatives, are thus said to be a. synapomorphies. b. parapyletic. c. homologous. d. homoplasies. e. None of the above Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 544 7. The common ancestor of all of the species displayed in a phylogenetic tree lies at the a. node of the tree. b. root of the tree. c. tip of the tree. d. taxon of the tree. e. None of the above Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 544 8. In a phylogenetic tree, what do we call the points at which lineages split?
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a. Divisions b. Roots c. Taxa d. Synapomorphies e. Nodes Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 544 10. Which of the following can never be homologous features? a. DNA sequences b. Anatomical structures c. Inherited behavioral patterns d. Secondary structures of proteins e. All of the above have the potential to be homologous features. Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 544 11. Shared derived traits are also known as a. homoplasies. b. synapomorphies. c. sympatries. d. homologies. e. paraphylies. Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 545 12. The wings of bats and the wings of birds are an example of a. synapomorphies. b. evolutionary reversals. c. monophyletic groups. d. paraphyletic groups. e. convergent evolution. Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 545 13. Homoplasies can arise via a. convergent evolution. b. synapomorphies. c. evolutionary reversals. d. Both a and c e. Both b and c Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 545 14. Certain fish in the Antarctic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean that are not closely related to each other have each evolved natural antifreeze molecules as adaptations to living in the frigid waters. This is an example of a. homology. b. evolutionary reversal. c. synapomorphy.
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d. convergent evolution. e. sister clades. Textbook Reference: 25.1 What Is Phylogeny? p. 545 16. Which of the following statements is true? a. All synapomorphies are derived traits. b. All derived traits are synapomorphies. c. Homologies arise through convergent evolution. d. Both a and b
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Ch25_Test_File2 - Test File to accompany Life The Science of Biology Eighth Edition Sadava Heller Orians Purves Hillis Chapter 25 Reconstructing

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