Exam 4 - Final

Exam 4 - Final - Sociology Final Exam Pg.1 Marriage and...

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Sociology Final Exam Pg. 1 Marriage and Family Provides a way to take care of those who can’t for themselves (infants, elderly, disabled, etc.) Family of Origin – parents and siblings Family of Procreation – spouse and children Kinship – who is related to who (family, settlement, and clan) o Old Testament says “House of …” referring to extended family of several generations closely related; works as a closed economic system with no reference to building, your “house” determines your status in the community Historically marriage is economic Chippewayan – Native Americans who lived in Canada; women had a low status with no right in society, did most of the labor, beaten by husbands; many of the women were suicidal but divorce was easy; could simply leave and live with parents but it was unheard of because women could not survive on their own Lines of Descent o Patrilineal – through men’s lineage; wealth goes to son o Matrilineal – through the women’s lineage; inheritance goes to daughters o Bilineal – through both; girls through mother, boys through father, siblings of opposite sexes have 2 different lineages; wealth is split Rules on how many people a person can marry o Monogamy – one spouse unless widowed; divorce does not count (true monogamy) o Serial monogamy – only one spouse at a time but can divorce and get remarried often o Polygamy – many spouses at the same time Polygyny – husband can have more than one wife (most common); women have low status In these societies there is a high degree of inequality, most are poor; women rationally choose to be married to a husband with several wives as opposed to being poor and alone Polyandry – women marry more than one man, usually brothers; occurs in places where death is uncertain and women will have someone to care for her if her first husband dies o Endogamy – strongly urged to marry within our groups (religion, race, etc.); no longer a formal law Statistically speaking, WITHOUT social norms, we would only expect 2 African- Americans to marry 1/8 of the time Percent of Population Non-Hispanic Whites – 69% Blacks – 12.8%
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Sociology Final Exam Pg. 2 Hispanics – 13.2% Asian Americans – 4.8% Native Americans – 1% Percent of Interracial Marriage Men 1990 2000 - White 3.0 4.0 - Black 8.3 14.2 - Nat. Am. 58.8 56.8 - Asian 50.2 45.3 - Hispanic 35.3 31.9 Women 1990 2000 - White 3.1 4.3 - Black 3.3 5.0 - Nat. Am. 60.3 58.5 - Asian 58.3 59.6 - Hispanics 34.2 30.7 African American women are way less likely to marry interracially than men o Exogamy – must marry outside of religion and race o “Phratreis” or “Moities” – means that instead of clans, there are only two groups; occurred in Egypt which is Bilateral Male of Bear Phatry had to take of Wife from Eagle Male of Eagle has to take a wife from Bear Requires someone to marry the first cousin of a person in the opposite
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Exam 4 - Final - Sociology Final Exam Pg.1 Marriage and...

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