CRITICAL LISTENING ASSIGNMENT - Music 100 Rosenberg/2009...

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Music 100 Name Inshirah Barakat Rosenberg/2009 CRITICAL LISTENING ASSIGNMENT Title of piece: Overture to the opera Don Giovanni (1787) Composer of piece: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Part I. RESEARCH REPORT Musical prodigy, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on in Salzburg, Austria in January 27, 1756 (Manley). He was born into the Classical period. He was in a time when composers believed music should be very natural because there is too much emphasis on harmony. Music was supposed to reflect speech. The most important music during the classical time period were Symphonies: large multi-movement works for orchestra in four movements, many of which are in Sonata form. Form was very significant during this time. Composers, for example, strictly followed Sonata, recitative, and aria forms. Mozart wasn’t any different. He was a child prodigy and he did not let his talents go to waste. Mozart’s talents appeared at the age of 6, and he was composing symphonies, like Symphony No.1, by age 8. Leopold Mozart, Mozart’s father, played a huge role in Mozart’s life (Manley). For many years, Leopold would recopy Mozart’s compositions because Mozart wrote them out badly. Mozart soon mastered to write music and was free from having his father redo his work. Leopold still had a very active role; he took his son on a tour of Europe through courts in Italy, London, and Paris in 1763 (Boynick). Mozart actually had some of his earliest pieces published during this time. He wrote over twenty symphonies, beginning in 1764 with Symphony K.16 (Wolfgang). He was able to play the piano, violin, harpsichord, and organ with no problem. In Vienna, he composed his first opera in 1768: La finta semplice , K. 51. It was in 1
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Music 100 Name Inshirah Barakat Rosenberg/2009 three acts and was an opera buffa. Mozart, at the age of fourteen, wrote an additional two operas, Lucio Silla and Ascanio in Alba between the ages of fourteen and sixteen (Boynick). Ascanio , based on Roman mythical themes, contained many arias and recitatives. The arias reflected the time’s crave for more natural music. He continued to continuously travel and compose naturalistic operas until 1773 (Boynick). In 1773, he was appointed court musician by Prince-Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo in Salzburg (Wolfgang). There, he composed pieces in various genres: masses, six string quartets: K.168, K.169 , K.170, K.171, K.172 and K.173 , symphonies, all of his violin concertos , six piano sonatas, several serenades, and divertimentos (Boynick). His first popular piano concerto, K271 was composed during this time. Almost all of these were prominently popular
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CRITICAL LISTENING ASSIGNMENT - Music 100 Rosenberg/2009...

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