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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 10 P 371-377 Sherry: In my section, I read about many meanings and sources of motivation. Motivation is an internal state that arouses, directs, and maintains behavior. There are many factors that influence motivation and engaged learning. In the classroom, each student presents a different motivational challenge. One might ask, What energizes and directs our behavior? There is intrinsic motivation: natural tendency to seek out and conquer challenges as we pursue personal interests and exercise capabilities. We dont need rewards or punishments because the activity itself is rewarding. Also, there is extrinsic motivation: we are not really interested in the activity for its own benefit; we care only about what it will gain for us. For example, one might gain a grade or avoid punishment. In discussion about intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, the locus of causality distinguishes the difference b/w the two types of motivation. It is the essential difference for the students reason for acting. It is the location where the motivation is coming from: inside or outside. Motivation can include both trait and state factors; it also can include both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. There are situations where incentives and external supports are necessary. Teachers must encourage and nurture intrinsic motivation, while making sure that extrinsic motivation supports learning. In general, there are four approaches to motivation. The first one is the behavioral approach to motivation: a careful analysis of rewards and incentive. Reward is an attractive object or event supplied as a consequence of particular behavior (receiving extra points or grade). Incentive is an object or event that encourages or discourages behavior (the promising of rewards).If consistently reinforced by these, we develop habits to act in certain ways. They are extrinsic means of motivation. The second is the humanistic approaches to learning in which Carl Rogers argued that there wasnt a good argument as to why ay people act as they do. This approachs interpretations emphasize intrinsic sources of motivation such as a persons need for self-actualization, the inborn actualizing tendency, or the need for self-determination. So, the humanistic approach to motivate means to encourage peoples inner self (i.e. sense of self esteem or autonomy). The third is Maslows hierarchy: Abraham Maslow suggested a hierarchy of needs ranging from lower level needs for survival to higher levels for intellectual achievement and self-actualization. Self-actualization means self-fulfillment, it is the realization of personal potential. All lower needs Self-actualization means self-fulfillment, it is the realization of personal potential....
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2009 for the course ED 210 taught by Professor Thorkildeson during the Spring '09 term at Ill. Chicago.
- Spring '09