Ch. 12 - Notecards - Black Death This was an outbreak of...

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Unformatted text preview: Black Death This was an outbreak of bubonic plague that hit Europe between the years 1347 and 1351. About 60% of the victims of the plague died, most of whom within the first five days. The infection was carried by rodents and passed to humans through fleas carrying the infected rodent blood. About one third of Europe fell victim to the plague and died. At the time, the plague was seen as Gods punishment for the sins of mankind. Hanseatic League Also known as Hansa, this league was a commercial and military alliance of German merchants and cities. They banded together in order to protect themselves from pirates and competition. They dominated trade in the North and Baltic seas for about 200 years. At its peak the league comprised at least eighty cities and another one hundred towns. The league eventually lost its monopoly to more powerful trading nations such as England and the Netherlands. House of Medici The Medici family was a banking and political family that controlled Florence for nearly three hundred years. Beginning in the early 1200s, they gained fame as merchants and loan sharks, and through commerce and banking. Under the leadership of Lorenzo de Medici, they became the richest family in Italy. The Medicis are perhaps most famous for supporting such artists such as Michelangelo and Botticelli. The Medici family also produced two Renaissance popes, Leo X and Clement VII. They were twice kicked out of Italy. The Book of the Courtier- A highly influential book written by Baldassare Castiglione in 1528. The book describes the three basic attributes of the perfect courtier or nobleman. These were: (a) fundamental native endowments, such as character, grace, talent, and noble birth; (b) achievements such as military participation, classical education, and involvement in an art such as music or painting; (c) the willingness to follow a code of conduct which would display their best attributes while appearing to be modest. The purpose of these courtly standards was to gain the respect of the prince and thereby be of ideal service. Isabella dEste Famous female Renaissance ruler of Mantua. Mantua was an important center of art and learning during the Renaissance. Isabella personally attracted many of these artists and intellectuals to Mantua through her letters. She collected one of the finest libraries of Italy. Roman Catholic Church This was the only Christian church in Europe during the Renaissance. During the Middle Ages, the church was all powerful. However, the Renaissance marked the beginning of a more secular world, and the beginning of the Churchs loss of power. Renaissance The Renaissance, beginning in Italy and lasting from about 1350 to 1550, was an age of rebirth and recovery. The recovery was from the effects of the plague, the 100 years war, political and economic instability, and from the Great Schism. This period was known for the rebirth of Greco-Roman ideas, including a view of humans, philosophy, art, and the reconciliation of pagan and Christian ideas. reconciliation of pagan and Christian ideas....
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Ch. 12 - Notecards - Black Death This was an outbreak of...

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