Ch. 21- Notecards - The Congress of Vienna, dominated by...

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Unformatted text preview: The Congress of Vienna, dominated by the Austrian prince, Klemens von Metternich, met in 1814 to discuss the question of what to do with Europe after the downfall of Napoleon. It largely consisted of representatives from the four countries of the triple alliance: Great Britain, Prussia, Austria, and Russia. It was heavely conservative in its effects, as Metternich’s principle of legitimacy saw it necessary to restore the legitimate monarchs who would preserve traditional institutions. Klemens von Metternich was the Austrian prince who dominated the Congress of Vienna with his extremely conservative views. His principle of legitimacy saw it necessary to restore the legitimate monarchs who would preserve traditional institutions, and his principle of intervention meant the great powers had the right to intervene militarily in other countries in order to crush revolutionary movements against legitimate rulers. Prince Talleyrand , the French representative at the Congress of Vienna, greatly protected the French interest by separating France from Napoleon. By showing that like the other members of the congress, the French people hated Napoleon as well, he kept France from being the European Kleenex. The French borders were returned to those of 1790. The German Confederation was a new league of German States created by the Congress of Vienna with the purpose of organizing the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire. With its foremost member being the Austrian Empire, these states had just previously made up the Napoleonic Confederation of the Rhine. Because of the Quadruple Alliance’s fear of revolution and war, they developed the Concert of Europe to protect the establishments of the Congress of Vienna. They renewed their commitment and agreed to meet periodically to discuss their interests. In accordance with this agreement, four congresses were held between 1818 and 1822. The first of the four congresses of the Concert of Europe, the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle was held in 1818. It was the friendliest of the congresses in which the four powers agreed to withdraw their army of occupation from France...
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2009 for the course HISTORY HIST1120 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '05 term at University of Tennessee.

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Ch. 21- Notecards - The Congress of Vienna, dominated by...

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