Ch. 25- Notecards - Just before the outbreak of World War...

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Unformatted text preview: Just before the outbreak of World War I, Germany gave Austria-Hungary a blank check . Because they were fearful of Russian intervention on Serbias behalf, Austrian leaders sought the backing of their German allies. Emperor William II and his chancellor responded with a blank check, giving their assurance that Austria-Hungary could rely on Germanys full support, even in war. According to the Schlieffen Plan , named after the German general who created it, Germany could solve the problem of war on two fronts by first defeating France by taking Paris in a matter of days and then throwing its full weight against Russia. It failed when trench warfare created a stalemate. The Black Hand was the radical group formed in Serbia in 1911 that wanted all territories with Serbian populations to rise-up against the Austrians. They planned and carried out the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne. They got their power from youthful nationalism. Born in 1894, Gavrilo Princep would become the assassin to begin WWI. He assassinated Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo. Dying from tuberculosis, he had nothing to lose. He was a member of the Black Hand and wanted Serbs to rise-up. Trench warfare was a new type of warfare, first appearing in WWI, in which both sides dug in to avoid enemy machine gun fire. In trench warfare, each side moves very little if any at a time, causing a stalemate. Trenches were dirty and often filled with disease and rats. The Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. They fought the Allied Powers. These countries supported each other because of Bismarcks system of alliances. However, they lost the war. Formed in 1907, the Triple Alliance contained Russia, Britain, and France. Eventually, Italy would switch sides to join the Allied Powers in 1915. Britain and France were pulled into the war by Russia, who had a connection to Serbia. Each of these countries believed the war would be quick and would require relatively few men. This was a falsity. Germany used...
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Ch. 25- Notecards - Just before the outbreak of World War...

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