Ch. 26- Notecards - Treaty of Locarno was a territorial...

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Treaty of Locarno was a territorial treaty between Germany and France which was responsible for defining the border between the two. Soon after, Germany exhibited what was called the “spirit of Locarno” by asking admittance into the League of Nations. Later, when Hitler took over Germany, both the Treaty of Locarno and Germany’s membership of the League of Nations would become void.
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The League of Nations was responsible for bringing together many nations of Europe. The idea for it came about at the Paris Peace Conference by President Wilson of the U.S. It had little power and could only punish a country by monetary means. The weakness of this group was exploited by Hitler when he left the group and began a military dictatorship.
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Soon after the Treaty of Versailles was signed, the U.S., France, and Britain began to think it was too harsh on Germany. A U.S. banker created the Dawes Plan would reduce Germany’s reparations and allow them to pay it back in smaller settlements. It also loaned Germany 200 million U.S. dollars. It inspired America to invest in foreign markets.
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The U.S. Great Depression produced, in effect, the later European Depression. The U.S. had invested millions in foreign markets to help the newly born countries get off their feet. However, when these millions were lost, people started to pull money out of Europe. The Great Depression hit hardest in Germany where the inflation rate made the Deutsch mark worthless. France was not hit so hardly because of their largely agrarian culture. The Scandinavian country did not get hit at all.
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The French Popular Front was an alliance of left-wing political parties (the Communists, the Socialists and the Radicals), which was in government in France from 1936 to 1938. The Socialist leader Leon Blum served as prime minister to the group, initiating a program for workers known by many as the French New Deal. Despite its new policies, it failed to solve the problems of the Depression.
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Il Duce , or “the Leader,” was the affectionate term for the leader of the Italian Fascist movement, Benito Mussolini. The dictator and prime minister, Mussolini conducted an expansionist foreign policy, formalized an alliance with Germany, and brought Italy into World War II. He created a fascist state through the use of state terror and propaganda. Using his charisma, total control of the media, and intimidation of political rivals, he brought about the downfall of the existing democratic government.
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The Squadristi was established in 1919 and consisted of many unhappy former soldiers who may have numbered 20,000 by the time of Mussolini's March on Rome in 1922. These bands of armed Fascists were turned loose in attacks
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2009 for the course HISTORY HIST1120 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '05 term at University of Tennessee.

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Ch. 26- Notecards - Treaty of Locarno was a territorial...

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