Ch. 27- Notecards - Axis vs. Allies describes the two major...

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Axis vs. Allies describes the two major sides fighting each other in World War II. The original Allies were Poland, Britain, France, and Ireland. China later joined, and in 1941, the United States joined this group. The Axis powers were Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, and Fascist Italy. These countries were lead by Hitler, Hirohito, and Mussolini. Many smaller countries also participated on both sides.
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Hitler believed that the Aryans were the first group of people to have civilized lives. He thought he would rise up a race of the descendents of the Aryans in Germany to create this superior race. He used social Darwinism to back his ideas. The ideal Aryan had blue eyes and blonde hair and Hitler believed through Eugenics he could stop the Darker “Jew like” traits from integrating.
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Lebensraum , literally translated to mean “living space,” was a concept first developed by Professor Karl Haushofer of the University of Munich. It was believed that Germany needed more land to support its population and become a great power. Hitler adopted this policy, and looked to the east to find this land in Russia and its bordering states. Ethnic Germans could once again become part of a large German State. Also, Germany would gain more farm land and raw resources, and the military would have more room to grow.
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Appeasement is the policy of granting concessions to potential enemies to maintain peace. Hitler wanted the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia because he believed that many ethnic Germans lived there and longed to become part of Germany again. Prime Minister Chamberlain of Great Britain signed the Munich Treaty with Hitler which meant that Hitler could take the Sudetenland if he were to have no further demands. Britain was naïve of the great power the Nazis would gain.
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Neville Chamberlain was the Prime Minister of Great Britain during the “Phony War” with Germany in which little fighting took place. He practiced the policy of appeasement which only served to increase Hitler’s hunger for more territory. He was almost a complete opposite of Churchill.
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At the Munich Conference in 1938, an agreement was made between Britain and Germany, under which Germany was allowed to extend its territory into parts of Czechoslovakia in which German-speaking peoples lived. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain negotiated on behalf of Britain, and Chancellor Adolf Hitler on behalf of Germany. Chamberlain returned to London proclaiming that the Munich Pact had secured “peace in our time.” The Germans invaded Poland less than a year later, and World War II began.
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, meaning “lightning war,” was a form of warfare used by German forces in World War II. In a blitzkrieg, troops in vehicles, such as tanks, made quick surprise strikes with support from airplanes. These tactics resulted in the swift German conquest of France in 1940. France
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2009 for the course HISTORY HIST1120 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '05 term at University of Tennessee.

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Ch. 27- Notecards - Axis vs. Allies describes the two major...

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